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All comments by Rosalind Hengeveld
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This 2 as ‘Third Suit Forcing (to game)’ is increasingly standard among better players where I live.
April 25
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I play less ace-asking that most, namely after previous suit establishment only, but bidding the same suit naturally thrice establishes the suit, hence 4NT is ace-asking here.

For me 3 is primarily a stopper rather than a suit. Opener, who did not reverse, cannot have four hearts, so 3 as a suit could be useful only with five. That has a lower frequency than bidding a stopper. And with stoppers in both clubs and hearts responder would have bid 3NT over 3. That rules out 4NT now as just to play. A quantitative (invitational) 4NT could have been bid directly over 3. To set diamonds as the trump suit over 3 responder could bid 4.
April 25
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Five(+) in the higher, four+ in the lower unbid suit. The fourth option in reverse. Not at all unusual where I live.
April 25
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In my book, it may include a singleton top honor in an otherwise hard to bid hand.
April 23
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‘Obviously no’ – but it depends on the context. On my convention card I list our 1NT opening bids as ‘(semi-)balanced’. However, if a 1NT opening bid is listed as ‘semi-balanced’, without the parentheses, they surely mean ‘balanced or semi-balanced’, not just the latter. Some people are sloppy, like those who will explain a bid as ‘less than 15 HCP’ when they really mean ’15 or less’.
April 23
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I would have overcalled some two-suited overcall – 2 as I play – instead of 1.
April 22
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I play that (1)-2 or (1)-2 shows five+ hearts and four+ spades (not the other way around), both suits possibly longer. Of course we explain it as such when asked.

(Over majors we play traditional Ghestem: (1)-2 5-5+ spades and clubs, et cetera.)
April 21
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3: 5-5+ in the pointed suits.
April 20
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3: Mixed Raise with ‘enough’ diamonds.
April 20
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2NT: six+ diamonds, three hearts, invitational+.
April 17
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When asked about the meaning of 3NT, partner should say ‘undiscussed’ if that is the truth, not what they think it means and especially not gamble a most unusual meaning like ‘25–27’. Likewise, opening an undiscussed 3NT is maybe not a good thing; however, Gambling is probably the most usual meaning for the bid.

I would also advocate some leeway for occasional partnerships, playing together for the first time after at most a short talk om methods. They usually do not have a convention card for their partnership – not counting one for their partnership with someone else – especially not one well filled out. I feel some disrespect for opponents who squeeze some incorrect information out of an intimidated half of an occasional partnership, then run to the director for alleged ‘unauthorized information’.
April 17
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This must be purely a matter of system – which was not stated. I play 1 as ‘usually five+’ and 1NT at these colors as 15–17 (or a good 14, which this is not), so that leaves 1.
April 15
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A Weak Jump Shift is usually not a really good suit and partner must learn not to automatically lead their Ax or Kx.
April 14
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Since we forced to game with 3, we set up a forcing pass situation. Partner could have passed if unsure, but didn't. Hence, I pass.
April 13
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In other words: a voluntary 2NT – directly over opponent's bid – is Good-Bad (Lebensohl-clone), barring a few clear exceptions. An involuntary 2NT, in a forced situation after partner doubled for take-out, and barring a penalty pass, is Scrambling. That is probably the same as what Michael meant.
April 11
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Like others, I play 2 as game-forcing with three or four hearts (five hearts bids 3). Any up to about 14 HCP bids 2. Using 2 for all but exactly this hand is fine if you happen to have this hand, but otherwise ineffective.
April 11
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Even in non-forcing Stayman – which I play over our 9–12 1NT – 2 and then 3 would be invitational. The only weak diamond bid is an immediate 3, which could also work preemptively but would miss a possible heart fit.
April 5
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You have a fair chance to set up the hearts and cash them if either: (1) declaring side has just ace doubleton, or (2) partner has four hearts. Neither is unlikely.

I would lead a heart, but the question poster raises is a good one. Modern analysis of various kinds has revealed that many traditional ‘automatic’ leads appear not to be the best after all. Thinking about such matters is not necessarily ‘overthinking’.
April 4
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Often dummy actually does put their hand down before the lead – but with a screen between leader and dummy.
April 2
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I have been known to make all twelve bids 1 through 3 (then 7, making). That was in a strong club relay system.
April 2
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